A tool to generate C bindings for Chapel¶
c2chapel is a tool to help the Chapel programmer generate extern types,
records, and procedures when given a C99 file. For example, given the following
function declaration in a header file:
void foo(char* str, int n);
c2chapel will generate Chapel code similar to:
extern proc foo(str: c_string, n : c_int) : void;
This tool has the following prerequisites:
- A Unix-like environment (something with commands like cd, mkdir, rm, etc.)
- A GNU-compatible version of 'make'
- A C preprocessor
- Python 2.7 or Python 3.5
Other versions of Python may work, but only 2.7 and 3.5 have been tested as of version 0.1.0.
c2chapel is built on top of pycparser.
c2chapel will install pycparser into a local virtualenv, leaving
the user's python environment untouched. A symbolic link will be created in the
appropriate directory under
To build, run
make c2chapel from
If virtualenv is not installed, this build process will attempt to use a local
virtualenv installation generated by other Chapel make targets if one is
available. For example,
make test-venv from
$CHPL_HOME will create a
local virtualenv installation that can be used by the
c2chapel should be visible in your
$PATH provided you
have sourced a script like
$CHPL_HOME/util/setchplenv.bash (also used to
chpl compiler available to your path). To test the
installation, you can run
make check from tools/c2chapel/.
c2chapel and files generated during the build process, execute
one of the following commands from tools/c2chapel/:
make clean make cleanall make clobber
make clobber from
$CHPL_HOME will also remove
c2chapel requires the name of a C99-compliant file, and emits the generated
Chapel code to stdout. For example, once installed you can run the following
command from within tools/c2chapel/:
The resulting output should be identical to
c2chapel with the
--help flag to show more options:
usage: c2chapel [-h] [--no-typedefs] [--debug] [--no-fake-headers] [--no-comments] [-V] file [cppFlags [cppFlags ...]] Generate C bindings for Chapel positional arguments: file C99 file for which to generate bindings cppFlags flags forwarded to the C preprocessor (invoked with cc -E) optional arguments: -h, --help show this help message and exit --no-typedefs do not generate extern types for C typedefs --debug enable debugging output --no-fake-headers do not use fake headers included with c2chapel --no-comments instruct c2chapel to not generate comments -V, --version show program's version number and exit
c2chapel by default uses the fake standard headers included with pycparser.
These are headers used to work around compiler-specific macros or attributes
often found in C standard headers. Without these fake headers, pycparser will
probably not be able to parse the given C99 file. Usage of these fake headers
can be disabled with the
--no-fake-headers flag. You can extend the fake
headers by modifying
c2chapel does not currently handle the entirety of C99, so some human
intervention may be required (e.g. commenting out unhandled portions of the
file). There are also some limitations based on Chapel's extern capability.
See https://chapel-lang.org/bugs.html for instructions on reporting bugs.
- fake standard headers are incomplete
- choice between
c_ptrfor formals is not intuitive or easily controlled