Ranges¶
A range
is a firstclass, constantspace representation of a
regular sequence of integer indices. Ranges support iteration over the
sequences they represent as well as operations such as slicing, shifting,
comparisons, striding, counting and aligning.
Range Construction Operations:
New ranges can be constructed using the striding, counting, and alignment
operators, by
, #
and align
0..#10 // 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
0..10 by 2 // 0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10
0..10 by 2 align 1 // 1, 3, 5, 7, 9
Range Slicing: A range can be sliced with another range to form a new range that is the intersection of the two ranges.
(1..10)(3..8) // 3..8
(0..20)(1..20 by 2) // 1..20 by 2
(1..10)(5..) // 5..10
(1..10)(..5) // 1..5
Range Shifting:
A range can be shifted by an integer using the +
and 
operators.
(1..10) + 5 // 6..15
(1..10)  3 // 2..7
(1..) + 1 // 2..
(..10) + 1 // ..11
Range Comparisons:
Ranges can be compared for equality using the ==
and !=
operators
1..10 == 1..10 // true
1.. == 1.. // true
1..10 != (1..10 by 2) // true
Iteration over ranges: Ranges can be used as the iterable expression in for, forall, and coforall loops.
for i in 1..10 { ... f(i) ... }
forall i in 1..1000 { ... f(i) ... }
coforall i in 0..#numTasks { ... f(i) ... }
When ranges that are not fully bounded are zipped with another iterator, the other iterator is used to determine an ending point.
// (i, j) will take the values: (1, 7), (2, 8), (3, 9), (4, 10)
for (i, j) in zip(1..4, 7..) { ... }
// (i, j) will take the values: (1, 10), (2, 9), (3, 8), (4, 7)
for (i,j) in zip(1..4, ..10 by 1) { ... }

enum
BoundedRangeType
{ bounded, boundedLow, boundedHigh, boundedNone }¶ The BoundedRangeType enum is used to specify the types of bounds a range is required to have.
 bounded  The range has finite low and high bounds.
 boundedLow  The range starts at a given low bound, but conceptually goes up to infinity.
 boundedHigh  The range conceptually starts at negative infinity and ends at a given high bound.
 boundedNone  The range conceptually runs from negative infinity to infinity.

proc
isRangeType
(type t) param¶ Return true if argument
t
is a range type, false otherwise

proc
isBoundedRange
(r: range(?)) param¶ Return true if argument
r
is a fully bounded range, false otherwise

proc
range.
hasLowBound
() param¶ Return true if this range has a low bound, false otherwise

proc
range.
hasHighBound
() param¶ Returns true if this range has a high bound, false otherwise

proc
range.
stride
¶ Returns the stride of the range

proc
range.
alignment
¶ Returns the alignment of the range

proc
range.
aligned
¶ Returns true if the range is aligned

proc
range.
first
¶ Return the first element in the sequence the range represents

proc
range.
last
¶ Return the last element in the sequence the range represents

proc
range.
low
¶ Return the range's low bound. If the range does not have a low bound the behavior is undefined.

proc
range.
high
¶ Return the range's high bound. If the range does not have a high bound the behavior is undefined.

proc
range.
alignedLow
: idxType¶ Returns the range's aligned low bound. If the aligned low bound is undefined (does not exist), the behavior is undefined.

proc
range.
alignedHigh
: idxType¶ Returns the range's aligned high bound. If the aligned high bound is undefined, the behavior is undefined.

proc
range.
isEmpty
()¶ If the sequence represented by the range is empty, return true. An error is reported if the range is ambiguous.

proc
range.
length
: idxType¶ Returns the number of elements in this range, cast to the index type.
Note: The result is undefined if the index is signed and the low and high bounds differ by more than max(idxType).

proc
range.
hasFirst
() param¶ Return true if the range has a first index, false otherwise

proc
range.
hasLast
() param¶ Return true if the range has a last index, false otherwise

proc
range.
isNaturallyAligned
()¶ Returns true if this range is naturally aligned, false otherwise

proc
range.
isAmbiguous
() param¶ Returns true if the range is ambiguously aligned, false otherwise

proc
range.
member
(i: idxType)¶ Returns true if
i
is in this range, false otherwise

proc
range.
member
(other: range(?)) Returns true if the range
other
is contained within this one, false otherwise

proc
ident
(r1: range(?), r2: range(?))¶ Returns true if the two ranges are the same in every respect: i.e. the two ranges have the same idxType, boundedType, stridable, low, high, stride and alignment values.

proc
range.
boundsCheck
(other: range(?e, ?b, ?s))¶ Returns true if
other
lies entirely within this range and false otherwise. Returns false if either range is ambiguously aligned.

proc
range.
boundsCheck
(other: idxType) Return true if
other
is a member of this range and false otherwise

proc
range.
indexOrder
(i: idxType)¶ If
i
is a member of the range's represented sequence, returns an integer giving the ordinal index of i within the sequence using zerobased indexing. Otherwise, returns(1):idxType
. It is an error to invokeindexOrder
if the represented sequence is not defined or the range does not have a first index.The following calls show the order of index 4 in each of the given ranges:
(0..10).indexOrder(4) == 4 (1..10).indexOrder(4) == 3 (3..5).indexOrder(4) == 1 (0..10 by 2).indexOrder(4) == 2 (3..5 by 2).indexOrder(4) == 1

proc
range.
orderToIndex
(ord: integral): idxType¶ Returns the zerobased
ord
th element of this range's represented sequence. It is an error to invokeorderToIndex
if the range is not defined, or iford
is negative or greater than the range's length. TheorderToIndex
procedure is the reverse ofindexOrder
.Example:
0..10.orderToIndex(4) == 4 1..10.orderToIndex(3) == 4 3..5.orderToIndex(1) == 4 0..10 by 2.orderToIndex(2) == 4

proc
range.
translate
(i: integral)¶ Return a range with elements shifted from this range by
i
.Example:
0..9.translate(1) == 1..10 0..9.translate(2) == 2..11 0..9.translate(1) == 1..8 0..9.translate(2) == 2..7

proc
range.
interior
(i: idxType)¶ Return a range with
i
elements from the interior portion of this range. Ifi
is positive, take elements from the high end, and ifi
is negative, take elements from the low end.Example:
0..9.interior(1) == 9..9 0..9.interior(2) == 8..9 0..9.interior(1) == 0..0 0..9.interior(2) == 0..1

proc
range.
exterior
(i: idxType)¶ Return a range with
i
elements from the exterior portion of this range. Ifi
is positive, take elements from the high end, and ifi
is negative, take elements from the low end.Example:
0..9.exterior(1) = 10..10 0..9.exterior(2) = 10..11 0..9.exterior(1) = 1..1 0..9.exterior(2) = 2..1

proc
range.
expand
(i: idxType)¶ Return a range expanded by
i
elements from each end. Ifi
is negative, the range will be contracted.Example:
0..9.expand(1) == 1..10 0..9.expand(2) == 2..11 0..9.expand(1) == 1..8 0..9.expand(2) == 2..7

proc
range.
offset
(offs: idxType)¶ Returns a range whose alignment is this range's first index plus
n
. If the range has no first index, a runtime error is generated.